Building characteristics, indoor environmental quality, and mathematics achievement in Finnish elementary schools

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Building characteristics, indoor environmental quality, and mathematics achievement in Finnish elementary schools. / Toyinbo, Oluyemi; Shaughnessy, Richard; Turunen, Mari; Putus, Tuula; Metsämuuronen, Jari; Kurnitski, Jarek; Haverinen-Shaughnessy, Ulla.

In: BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, Vol. 104, 01.08.2016, p. 114-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Toyinbo, O, Shaughnessy, R, Turunen, M, Putus, T, Metsämuuronen, J, Kurnitski, J & Haverinen-Shaughnessy, U 2016, 'Building characteristics, indoor environmental quality, and mathematics achievement in Finnish elementary schools' BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, vol 104, pp. 114-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.04.030

APA

Toyinbo, O., Shaughnessy, R., Turunen, M., Putus, T., Metsämuuronen, J., Kurnitski, J., & Haverinen-Shaughnessy, U. (2016). Building characteristics, indoor environmental quality, and mathematics achievement in Finnish elementary schools. BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT, 104, 114-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.04.030

Vancouver

Author

Toyinbo, Oluyemi ; Shaughnessy, Richard ; Turunen, Mari ; Putus, Tuula ; Metsämuuronen, Jari ; Kurnitski, Jarek ; Haverinen-Shaughnessy, Ulla. / Building characteristics, indoor environmental quality, and mathematics achievement in Finnish elementary schools. In: BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT. 2016 ; Vol. 104. pp. 114-121

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@article{19e28586e79a416c98e03f58470d55ba,
title = "Building characteristics, indoor environmental quality, and mathematics achievement in Finnish elementary schools",
abstract = "Objective: To study indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in elementary school buildings and its association with students\{textquoteleft} learning outcomes. Methods: Measurements of ventilation rates and temperatures were recorded during school days in 108 classrooms in 60 schools in the spring and summer of 2007; background information on 3514 school buildings was retrieved from the Finnish population register. Data on school environment and students\{textquoteleft} health were collected by questionnaires from 4248 students as well as from 1154 school principals. Results from a national student achievement assessment program were used to assess learning. Results: Upgrades to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems correlated significantly with airflow measurement, ventilation rate per student and per area, and mean temperature (rs = 0.642, rs = 0.654, rs = 0.647 and rs = -0.325 & r = 0.481, r = 0.483, r = 0.574, r = -0.271 respectively). The ventilation rate per student correlated with the number of students in classrooms (rs = -0.360 & r = -0.387) and mean temperature (rs = -0.333 & r = 0.393). Only schools with a mechanical supply and exhaust type of ventilation met the recommended ventilation rate per student of 6 l/s per person. An association was found between lower mathematics test results and schools that did not meet the recommended ventilation rate. Conclusion: Ventilation is associated with thermal comfort and students\{textquoteleft} learning outcomes. The ventilation system requires scheduled maintenance or replacement as well as ongoing ventilation adjustment to accommodate the number of students at any one time.",
keywords = "Health, Indoor environment, Learning outcomes, Schools, Thermal conditions, Ventilation",
author = "Oluyemi Toyinbo and Richard Shaughnessy and Mari Turunen and Tuula Putus and Jari Mets\{"a}muuronen and Jarek Kurnitski and Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy",
year = "2016",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.04.030",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "114--121",
journal = "BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT",
issn = "0360-1323",

}

RIS - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Building characteristics, indoor environmental quality, and mathematics achievement in Finnish elementary schools

AU - Toyinbo,Oluyemi

AU - Shaughnessy,Richard

AU - Turunen,Mari

AU - Putus,Tuula

AU - Metsämuuronen,Jari

AU - Kurnitski,Jarek

AU - Haverinen-Shaughnessy,Ulla

PY - 2016/8/1

Y1 - 2016/8/1

N2 - Objective: To study indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in elementary school buildings and its association with students' learning outcomes. Methods: Measurements of ventilation rates and temperatures were recorded during school days in 108 classrooms in 60 schools in the spring and summer of 2007; background information on 3514 school buildings was retrieved from the Finnish population register. Data on school environment and students' health were collected by questionnaires from 4248 students as well as from 1154 school principals. Results from a national student achievement assessment program were used to assess learning. Results: Upgrades to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems correlated significantly with airflow measurement, ventilation rate per student and per area, and mean temperature (rs = 0.642, rs = 0.654, rs = 0.647 and rs = -0.325 & r = 0.481, r = 0.483, r = 0.574, r = -0.271 respectively). The ventilation rate per student correlated with the number of students in classrooms (rs = -0.360 & r = -0.387) and mean temperature (rs = -0.333 & r = 0.393). Only schools with a mechanical supply and exhaust type of ventilation met the recommended ventilation rate per student of 6 l/s per person. An association was found between lower mathematics test results and schools that did not meet the recommended ventilation rate. Conclusion: Ventilation is associated with thermal comfort and students' learning outcomes. The ventilation system requires scheduled maintenance or replacement as well as ongoing ventilation adjustment to accommodate the number of students at any one time.

AB - Objective: To study indoor environmental quality (IEQ) in elementary school buildings and its association with students' learning outcomes. Methods: Measurements of ventilation rates and temperatures were recorded during school days in 108 classrooms in 60 schools in the spring and summer of 2007; background information on 3514 school buildings was retrieved from the Finnish population register. Data on school environment and students' health were collected by questionnaires from 4248 students as well as from 1154 school principals. Results from a national student achievement assessment program were used to assess learning. Results: Upgrades to heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems correlated significantly with airflow measurement, ventilation rate per student and per area, and mean temperature (rs = 0.642, rs = 0.654, rs = 0.647 and rs = -0.325 & r = 0.481, r = 0.483, r = 0.574, r = -0.271 respectively). The ventilation rate per student correlated with the number of students in classrooms (rs = -0.360 & r = -0.387) and mean temperature (rs = -0.333 & r = 0.393). Only schools with a mechanical supply and exhaust type of ventilation met the recommended ventilation rate per student of 6 l/s per person. An association was found between lower mathematics test results and schools that did not meet the recommended ventilation rate. Conclusion: Ventilation is associated with thermal comfort and students' learning outcomes. The ventilation system requires scheduled maintenance or replacement as well as ongoing ventilation adjustment to accommodate the number of students at any one time.

KW - Health

KW - Indoor environment

KW - Learning outcomes

KW - Schools

KW - Thermal conditions

KW - Ventilation

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84966359488&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.04.030

DO - 10.1016/j.buildenv.2016.04.030

M3 - Article

VL - 104

SP - 114

EP - 121

JO - BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT

T2 - BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT

JF - BUILDING AND ENVIRONMENT

SN - 0360-1323

ER -

ID: 4300552