Broadening spectral responses and achieving environmental stability in SnS2/Ag-NPs/HfO2 flexible phototransistors

Mohammad Khan, S Sadaqat, Muhammad Ashgar Khan, Shania Rehman, Waqas Subhani, Mohamed Ouladsmane, Malik Rehman, F Ali, H Lipsanen, ZP Sun, J Eom, Faisal Ahmed

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Abstract

Layered two-dimensional (2D) materials have gained popularity thanks to their atomically thin physique and strong coupling with light. Here, we investigated a wide band gap (≥ 2 eV) 2D material, i.e., tin disulfide (SnS2), and decorated it with silver nanoparticles, Ag-NPs, for broadband photodetection. Our results show that the SnS2/Ag-NPs devices exhibit broadband photodetection ranging from the ultraviolet to near-infrared (250-1050 nm) spectrum with decreased rise/decay times from 8/20 s to 7/16 s under 250 nm wavelength light compared to the bare SnS2 device. This is attributed to the localized surface plasmon resonance effect and the wide band gap of SnS2 crystal. Furthermore, the HfO2-passivated SnS2/Ag-NPs devices exhibited high photodetection performance in terms of photoresponsivity (∼12 500 A W−1), and external quantum efficiency (∼6 × 106%), which are significantly higher compared to those of bare SnS2. Importantly, after HfO2 passivation, the SnS2/Ag-NPs photodetector maintained the stable performance for several weeks with merely ∼5.7% reduction in photoresponsivity. Lastly, we fabricated a flexible SnS2/Ag-NPs photodetector, which shows excellent and stable performance under various bending curvatures (0, 20, and 10 mm), as it retains ∼80% of its photoresponsivity up to 500 bending cycles. Thus, our study provides a simple route to realize broadband and stable photoactivity in flexible 2D material-based devices.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3622-3630
Number of pages9
JournalNanoscale
Volume16
Issue number7
Early online date9 Jan 2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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