Broadband Plasmon-Enhanced Four-Wave Mixing in Monolayer MoS2

Yunyun Dai*, Yadong Wang, Susobhan Das, Shisheng Li, Hui Xue, Ahmadi Mohsen, Zhipei Sun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)
103 Downloads (Pure)


Two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogenide monolayers have remarkably large optical nonlinearity. However, the nonlinear optical conversion efficiency in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides is typically low due to small light-matter interaction length at the atomic thickness, which significantly obstructs their applications. Here, for the first time, we report broadband (up to μ150 nm) enhancement of optical nonlinearity in monolayer MoS2 with plasmonic structures. Substantial enhancement of four-wave mixing is demonstrated with the enhancement factor up to three orders of magnitude for broadband frequency conversion, covering the major visible spectral region. The equivalent third-order nonlinearity of the hybrid MoS2-plasmonic structure is in the order of 10-17 m2/V2, far superior (μ10-100-times larger) to the widely used conventional bulk materials (e.g., LiNbO3, BBO) and nanomaterials (e.g., gold nanofilms). Such a considerable and broadband enhancement arises from the strongly confined electric field in the plasmonic structure, promising for numerous nonlinear photonic applications of two-dimensional materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6321-6327
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • four-wave mixing
  • MoS
  • nonlinear optics
  • plasmonic enhancement
  • Two-dimensional materials


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