Bodily Maps of Symptoms and Emotions in Parkinson's Disease

Kalle J. Niemi*, Annu Huovinen, Elina Jaakkola, Enrico Glerean, Lauri Nummenmaa, Juho Joutsa*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


Background: Emotions are reflected in bodily sensations, and these reflections are abnormal in psychiatric conditions. However, emotion-related bodily sensations have not been studied in neurological disorders. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate whether Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with altered bodily representations of emotions. Methods: Symptoms and emotion-related sensations were investigated in 380 patients with PD and 79 control subjects, using a topographical self-report method, termed body sensation mapping. The bodily mapping data were analyzed with pixelwise generalized linear models and principal component analyses. Results: Bodily maps of symptoms showed characteristic patterns of PD motor symptom distributions. Compared with control subjects, PD patients showed decreased parasternal sensation of anger, and longer PD symptom duration was associated with increased abdominal sensation of anger (PFWE < 0.05). The PD-related sensation patterns were abnormal across all basic emotions (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The results demonstrate altered bodily maps of emotions in PD, providing novel insight into the nonmotor effects of PD.

Original languageEnglish
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • bodily sensation mapping
  • emotion
  • nonmotor symptoms
  • Parkinson's disease


Dive into the research topics of 'Bodily Maps of Symptoms and Emotions in Parkinson's Disease'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this