Biopolymeric Anticorrosion Coatings from Cellulose Nanofibrils and Colloidal Lignin Particles

Arman Dastpak, Philip Ansell, Justin R. Searle, Mari Lundström, Benjamin P. Wilson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)
79 Downloads (Pure)


This study presents a process for preparation of cellulose-lignin barrier coatings for hot-dip galvanized (HDG) steel by aqueous electrophoretic deposition. Initially, a solution of softwood kraft lignin and diethylene glycol monobutyl ether was used to prepare an aqueous dispersion of colloidal lignin particles (CLPs) via solvent exchange. Analysis of the dispersion showed that it comprised submicron particles (D = 146 nm) with spherical morphologies and colloidal stability (ζ-potential = -40 mV). Following successful formation, the CLP dispersion was mixed with a suspension of TEMPO-oxidized cellulose nanofibers (TOCN, 1 and 2 g·L-1) at a fixed volumetric ratio (1:1, TOCN-CLPs), and biopolymers were deposited onto HDG steel surfaces at different potentials (0.5 and 3 V). The effects of these variables on coating formation, dry adhesion, and electrochemical properties (3.5% NaCl) were investigated. The scanning electron microscopy results showed that coalescence of CLPs occurs during the drying of composite coatings, resulting in formation of a barrier layer on HDG steel. The scanning vibrating electrode technique results demonstrated that the TOCN-CLP layers reduced the penetration of the electrolyte (3.5% NaCl) to the metal-coating interface for at least 48 h of immersion, with a more prolonged barrier performance for 3 V-deposited coatings. Additional electrochemical impedance spectroscopy studies showed that all four coatings provided increased levels of charge transfer resistance (Rct) - compared to bare HDG steel - although coatings deposited at a higher potential (3 V) and a higher TOCN concentration provided the maximum charge transfer resistance after 15 days of immersion (13.7 cf. 0.2 kΩ·cm2 for HDG steel). Overall, these results highlight the potential of TOCN-CLP biopolymeric composites as a basis for sustainable corrosion protection coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41034-41045
Number of pages12
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number34
Early online date19 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
  • electrophoretic deposition
  • galvanized steel
  • scanning vibrating electrode technique
  • water-borne


Dive into the research topics of 'Biopolymeric Anticorrosion Coatings from Cellulose Nanofibrils and Colloidal Lignin Particles'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this