Biomechanical properties of bone and mucosa for design and application of dental implants

Michael Gasik*, France Lambert, Miljana Bacevic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Dental implants’ success comprises their proper stability and adherence to different oral tissues (integration). The implant is exposed to different mechanical stresses from swallowing, mastication and parafunctions for a normal tooth, leading to the simultaneous mechanical movement and deformation of the whole structure. The knowledge of the mechanical properties of the bone and gingival tissues in normal and pathological conditions is very important for the successful conception of dental implants and for clinical practice to access and prevent potential failures and complications originating from incorrect mechanical factors’ combinations. The challenge is that many reported biomechanical properties of these tissues are substantially scattered. This study carries out a critical analysis of known data on mechanical properties of bone and oral soft tissues, suggests more convenient computation methods incorporating invariant parameters and non-linearity with tissues anisotropy, and applies a consistent use of these properties for in silico design and the application of dental implants. Results show the advantages of this approach in analysis and visualization of stress and strain components with potential translation to dental implantology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2845
Number of pages21
JournalMaterials
Volume14
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Bone
  • Dental implants
  • In silico
  • Soft tissues
  • Stiffness

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