Bioinspired Living Coating System for Wood Protection: Exploring Fungal Species on Wood Surfaces Coated with Biofinish during Its Service Life

Faksawat Poohphajai*, Ana Gubenšek, Anja Černoša, Karen Butina Ogorelec, Lauri Rautkari, Jakub Sandak, Anna Sandak

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Abstract

Biofinish is an innovative wood protection system inspired by biological processes. It enhances the hydrophobicity of wood through oil treatment, resulting in improved dimensional stability. Living cells of the fungus Aureobasidium pullulans effectively protect wood from deterioration caused by other decaying fungi. The melanin pigment produced by the fungus provides an appealing dark surface and additionally protects the wood substrate against UV radiation. The significant advantage of Biofinish is its remarkable self-healing ability, which distinguishes it from conventional wood protection methods. This research aimed to explore fungal species colonising surfaces exposed to natural weathering and assess the survival of A. pullulans on wood surfaces coated with Biofinish during its in-service period. This study was performed on a facade composed of European larch wood (Larix decidua) treated with linseed oil and coated with Biofinish at the InnoRenew CoE building in Izola, Slovenia, following a 9-month exposure period. The majority of the detected species belonged to the genera Aureobasidium. The results indicated the survival and effective antagonistic action of A. pullulans, the living and active ingredient of the coating, against other wood-decaying fungi.

Original languageEnglish
Article number430
Number of pages12
JournalCoatings
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 3 Apr 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • building material
  • fungal colonisation
  • self-repairing
  • wood coatings

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