Biodiversity, ecosystem services and environmental planning

Kimmo Lapintie, Mina Di Marino

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

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Nature versus urban development is one of the most common dichotomies creating conflicts in environmental planning. There is a history behind it, as urban nature has for long been conceptualised as the ‘background’, on top of which buildings and technical infrastructure (the ‘form’) are located. Urban nature has had its role, though, but mainly through the functional meaning of recreation or the ecological meaning or nature conservation. The more recent concepts of green (or green-blue) infrastructure and ecosystem services attack these traditional dichotomies from two directions: Seeing the urban green as an elemental part of urban infrastructure suggests an equal value compared to the technical infrastructure. On the other hand, the ecosystem services that the green-blue infrastructure produces (such as storm water management, cleaning of the air, regulating micro-climate and – of course – providing opportunities for recreation and thus wellbeing of urban residents) can be seen as parallel to the more traditional services of the welfare state, such as schools or health care. However, there is still a clear gap between the relevant knowledge of the academics and the tacit understanding of planners, who have difficulties in incorporating the new conceptual framework into their daily practice. © 2020 selection and editorial matter, Simin Davoudi, Richard Cowell, Iain White and Hilda Blanco.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRoutledge Companion to Environmental Planning
EditorsSimin Davoudi, Richard Cowell, Iain White, Hilda Blanco
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-315-17978-0
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-89480-8
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2019
MoE publication typeA3 Part of a book or another research book

Publication series

NameRoutledge International Handbooks


  • environmental planning
  • ecosystem services
  • urban nature

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