Binder-free Cu1.9Bi0.1Se@SWCNT hybrid anodes for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries

Yelyzaveta Rublova, Raimonds Meija, Xiangze Kong, Vitalijs Lazarenko, Jana Andzane, Anatolijs Sarakovskis, Arturs Viksna, Tanja Kallio, Donats Erts*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


The rapid growth of portable electronic devices, electric vehicles, and grid-scale energy storage systems has accelerated the demand for enhancing existing materials and innovating new materials in rechargeable battery technologies. Li-ion batteries have dominated the energy storage field among the various battery systems. Na-ion batteries have emerged as promising candidates due to their similarities to Li-ion battery chemistry, low cost, and environmental sustainability. This study explores the potential advantages of synthesizing the binder-free Cu1.9Bi0.1Se@SWCNT heterostructure directly on the copper collector surface. A crucial aspect of this research is the intentional use of nanostructuring during synthesis. This technique capitalizes on the benefits of greater surface area, enhanced electron transport, and superior ionic conductivity. The synthesis method not only ensures excellent electrical and mechanical contact with the collector but also omits the need for a binder, offering a potential for improved overall performance in Li-ion and Na-ion batteries. The electrodes were synthesized using a simple and cost-effective physical vapor deposition method. The structural, morphological, and electrochemical properties of the electrodes were characterized. The binder-free Cu1.9Bi0.1Se@SWCNT electrode with 25 % SWCNT content exhibits excellent performance in Li-ion half cells, maintaining a high energy capacity of 556 mAh g−1 at 0.1 A g−1 over 100 cycles and 244 mAh g−1 at 0.5 A g−1 over 750 cycles. However, in the Na-ion battery system, the performance is notably poorer, revealing challenges and limitations. Most likely, the larger size of sodium ions posed difficulties in intercalation within the anode material structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14808-14822
Number of pages15
JournalCeramics International
Issue number9
Early online date21 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Copper selenide
  • Cycling stability
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Lithium-ion storage kinetics
  • Single-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Sodium-ion batteries
  • Sodium-ion storage kinetics


Dive into the research topics of 'Binder-free Cu1.9Bi0.1Se@SWCNT hybrid anodes for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this