Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Standard

Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting. / Klemettinen, Lassi; Avarmaa, Katri; Taskinen, Pekka; Jokilaakso, Ari.

Extraction 2018: Proceedings of the First Global Conference on Extractive Metallurgy. Springer International Publishing, 2018. p. 1073-1082 (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterScientificpeer-review

Harvard

Klemettinen, L, Avarmaa, K, Taskinen, P & Jokilaakso, A 2018, Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting. in Extraction 2018: Proceedings of the First Global Conference on Extractive Metallurgy. The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, Springer International Publishing, pp. 1073-1082, Global Conference on Extractive Metallurgy, Ottawa, Canada, 26/08/2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95022-8_86

APA

Klemettinen, L., Avarmaa, K., Taskinen, P., & Jokilaakso, A. (2018). Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting. In Extraction 2018: Proceedings of the First Global Conference on Extractive Metallurgy (pp. 1073-1082). (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95022-8_86

Vancouver

Klemettinen L, Avarmaa K, Taskinen P, Jokilaakso A. Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting. In Extraction 2018: Proceedings of the First Global Conference on Extractive Metallurgy. Springer International Publishing. 2018. p. 1073-1082. (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-95022-8_86

Author

Klemettinen, Lassi ; Avarmaa, Katri ; Taskinen, Pekka ; Jokilaakso, Ari. / Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting. Extraction 2018: Proceedings of the First Global Conference on Extractive Metallurgy. Springer International Publishing, 2018. pp. 1073-1082 (The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series).

Bibtex - Download

@inbook{4dcc5cf3eb4841fb824c53b102df4252,
title = "Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting",
abstract = "For better understanding and maximal value utilization of the WEEE smelting process, the behavior and distribution of different trace elements must be known. In this study, the behavior of nickel as a trace element was studied in an equilibrium system with metallic copper—spinel saturated iron silicate slag (with 3 wt-{\%} K2O)—iron aluminous spinel—gas. The experiments were conducted in alumina crucibles at 1300 °C, in oxygen pressure range of 10−10–10−5 atm. A time series of 15–60 min experiments was also conducted for investigating the formation rate of the primary spinel phase in the system. The results show that the distribution coefficient of nickel between metallic copper and liquid slag changes from approximately 70 to 0.4 along the increasing oxygen pressure range. In addition, a significant part of the nickel deports into the spinel phase. The spinel formation was investigated based on composition analysis results and visual observations from SEM-images.",
author = "Lassi Klemettinen and Katri Avarmaa and Pekka Taskinen and Ari Jokilaakso",
note = "https://www.springerprofessional.de/extraction-2018/16053724?tocPage=1",
year = "2018",
doi = "10.1007/978-3-319-95022-8_86",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-3-319-95021-1",
series = "The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series",
publisher = "Springer International Publishing",
pages = "1073--1082",
booktitle = "Extraction 2018",

}

RIS - Download

TY - CHAP

T1 - Behavior of Nickel as a Trace Element and Time-Dependent Formation of Spinels in WEEE Smelting

AU - Klemettinen, Lassi

AU - Avarmaa, Katri

AU - Taskinen, Pekka

AU - Jokilaakso, Ari

N1 - https://www.springerprofessional.de/extraction-2018/16053724?tocPage=1

PY - 2018

Y1 - 2018

N2 - For better understanding and maximal value utilization of the WEEE smelting process, the behavior and distribution of different trace elements must be known. In this study, the behavior of nickel as a trace element was studied in an equilibrium system with metallic copper—spinel saturated iron silicate slag (with 3 wt-% K2O)—iron aluminous spinel—gas. The experiments were conducted in alumina crucibles at 1300 °C, in oxygen pressure range of 10−10–10−5 atm. A time series of 15–60 min experiments was also conducted for investigating the formation rate of the primary spinel phase in the system. The results show that the distribution coefficient of nickel between metallic copper and liquid slag changes from approximately 70 to 0.4 along the increasing oxygen pressure range. In addition, a significant part of the nickel deports into the spinel phase. The spinel formation was investigated based on composition analysis results and visual observations from SEM-images.

AB - For better understanding and maximal value utilization of the WEEE smelting process, the behavior and distribution of different trace elements must be known. In this study, the behavior of nickel as a trace element was studied in an equilibrium system with metallic copper—spinel saturated iron silicate slag (with 3 wt-% K2O)—iron aluminous spinel—gas. The experiments were conducted in alumina crucibles at 1300 °C, in oxygen pressure range of 10−10–10−5 atm. A time series of 15–60 min experiments was also conducted for investigating the formation rate of the primary spinel phase in the system. The results show that the distribution coefficient of nickel between metallic copper and liquid slag changes from approximately 70 to 0.4 along the increasing oxygen pressure range. In addition, a significant part of the nickel deports into the spinel phase. The spinel formation was investigated based on composition analysis results and visual observations from SEM-images.

U2 - 10.1007/978-3-319-95022-8_86

DO - 10.1007/978-3-319-95022-8_86

M3 - Chapter

SN - 978-3-319-95021-1

T3 - The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series

SP - 1073

EP - 1082

BT - Extraction 2018

PB - Springer International Publishing

ER -

ID: 28138475