Behavior of Battery Metals Lithium, Cobalt, Manganese and Lanthanum in Black Copper Smelting
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Scientific › peer-review
- Geological Survey of Finland
performed alumina crucibles at 1300 °C, in oxygen partial pressure range of 10−11‒10−8 atm. The slags studied contained 0 to 6 wt% of MgO. Electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) and laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) techniques were utilized for phase composition quantifications. The results reveal that most cobalt can be recovered into the copper alloy in extremely reducing process conditions, whereas lithium, manganese, and lanthanum deport predominantly in the slag at all investigated oxygen partial pressures.
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Mar 2020|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- Recycling, Circular Economy, Pyrometallurgy, LA-ICP-MS