Abstract
Bearingless motors integrate the functions of an active magnetic bearing (AMB) and an electric motor in the same magnetic circuit, which is utilized both for driving the motor and for maintaining active levitation. This research focuses on two types of bearingless machines: rotating synchronous reluctance machines (SyRM) and linear fluxswitching permanentmagnet (FSPM) machines. The complex nature of these devices results in nontrivial control challenges, which require accurate modeling of the magnetic behavior and of the force production of these machines. Particular attention in modeling is given to the effects of magnetic saturation and air gap variation. Both effects can result in degraded control performance or even instability if not accounted for. For bearingless SyRMs, an explicitfunctionbased magnetic model including crosssaturation is proposed. The model is able to predict radial forces even in a saturated machine. Furthermore, based on the textbook model of bearingless SyRMs, an improved model is developed that includes a more precise inverse airgap approximation. The improved model has better accuracy in the predicted variation of forces and inductances due to eccentricity. For bearingless FSPM linear machines, a dynamic model based on an equivalent magnetic circuit is proposed, taking into account the effects of the saturation, the air gap variation, and the attraction force due to the permanentmagnet (PM) leakage flux. An analysis and characterization of the studied machines is conducted using the finiteelement method (FEM). The proposed dynamic models are utilized as a basis for the development of modelbased control systems. Classical state feedback control with direct pole placement is applied to bearingless machines. However, traditional current controllers cannot guarantee consistent performance in the presence of saturation and crosscoupling effects. These effects are automatically taken into account by the proposed statespace fluxlinkage controller. A digital implementation of the controller is provided and robustness against the system parameter inaccuracies is analyzed. For levitation control, an observerbased statespace levitation controller is designed. Analytical tuning rules for each proposed controller are presented. Furthermore, feedback linearization is used for accurate calculation of current references based on the requested forces and torque. The applicability of the developed modeling and control methods is demonstrated with experimental results from three prototype bearingless machines including levitation, rotation, and propulsion tests.
Translated title of the contribution  Bearingless Motors: Modeling and Control 

Original language  English 
Qualification  Doctor's degree 
Awarding Institution 

Supervisors/Advisors 

Publisher  
Print ISBNs  9789526406503 
Electronic ISBNs  9789526406510 
Publication status  Published  2021 
MoE publication type  G5 Doctoral dissertation (article) 
Keywords
 bearingless motor
 magnetic model
 magnetic saturation
 eccentricity
 inductance
 radial force
 unbalanced magnetic pull
 fluxswitching permanentmagnet (FSPM) machine
 synchronous reluctance machine (SyRM)
 linear motor
 magnetic levitation
 modelbased statespace control
 fluxlinkage controller
 combined winding
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