Beamforming with a volumetric array of massless laser spark sources—Application in reflection tracking

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • Joona Eskelinen
  • Symeon Delikaris-Manias
  • Javier Gómez Bolaños
  • Edward Hæggström
  • Ville Pulkki

Research units


A volumetric array of laser-induced air breakdown sparks is used to produce a directional and steerable acoustic source. The laser breakdown array element is broadband, point-like, and massless. It produces an impulse-like waveform in midair, thus generating accurate spatio-temporal information for acoustic beamforming. A laser-spark scanning setup and the concept of a massless steerable source are presented and evaluated with a cubic array by using an off-line far field delay-and-sum beamforming method. This virtual acoustic array with minimal source influence can, for instance, produce narrow transmission beams to obtain localized and directional impulse response information by reflection tracking.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)EL389-EL395
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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