BATCircle—Towards CO2 Low Battery Recycling

M. Lundström*, Antti Porvali, H. Elomaa, Marja Rinne, P. Hannula, Pertti Kauranen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Finland-based Circular Ecosystem of Battery Metals (BATCircle, 22 M€) aims at management of materials and value addition during the entire lifetime of Li-ion batteries. The consortium led by Aalto University focuses on enhancing battery metals production from both primary and secondary sources. Along with BATCircle, Finland leads Batteries Europe (ETIP) WG2, where several gaps in the current battery recycling R&D topics have been identified. One of the topics relates to the environmental impacts of emerging battery recycling technologies. The current study (a) summarizes a novel approach for the synergistic hydrometallurgical recycling of LIBs together with NiMH battery waste and (b) highlights the importance of simulation-based life cycle assessment as a tool to provide early stage environmental indicator values for development stage processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNi-Co 2021
Subtitle of host publicationThe 5th International Symposium on Nickel and Cobalt
EditorsCorby Anderson, Graeme Goodall, Sumedh Gostu, Dean Gregurek, Mari Lundström, Christina Meskers, Stuart Nicol, Esa Peuraniemi, Fiseha Tesfaye, Prabhat K. Tripathy, Shijie Wang, Yuanbo Zhang
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-030-65647-8
ISBN (Print)9783030656461
Publication statusPublished - 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational Symposium on Nickel and Cobalt - Virtual, Online
Duration: 15 Mar 202118 Mar 2021
Conference number: 5

Publication series

NameMinerals, Metals and Materials Series
ISSN (Print)2367-1181
ISSN (Electronic)2367-1696


ConferenceInternational Symposium on Nickel and Cobalt
Abbreviated titleNi-Co
CityVirtual, Online


  • Battery ecosystem
  • LCA
  • Process modelling
  • Recycling


Dive into the research topics of 'BATCircle—Towards CO2 Low Battery Recycling'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this