Balancing knowledge protection and sharing as a means to boost sustainability-oriented innovation in plastics ecosystems

Jean-Peter Ylen, Katri Valkokari*, Kirsi Immonen, Rosa Maria Ballardini, Jan Holmström

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientific


Multi-actor collaboration is necessary for sustainability-oriented innovations. Thus, despite the common focus on sustainability, differences between the interests of industry (or a firm) and society hinder knowledge sharing, integration, and the protection required for the transformation. Through a case study of bio-based plastics ecosystems, this paper evaluates e role of knowledge sharing and protection methods in boosting collaborative sustainability-oriented innovation. The results indicate that fostering systemic collaborations for sustainable innovations requires finding a proper balance between protecting and sharing Intellectual Property Rights (IPR). This balance depends on the objectives of the ecosystem-level collaboration and the actors involved. Accordingly, this supports minimising the risk that protection may hamper collaboration, adoption, and diffusion of sustainable innovations and practices.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of XXXIV ISPIM Innovation Conference
Subtitle of host publicationInnovation and Circular Economy
PublisherISPIM Oy
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)978‐952‐65069‐3‐7
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2023
MoE publication typeB3 Non-refereed conference publication
EventISPIM Innovation Conference: Innovation and Circular Economy - Ljubljana, Slovenia
Duration: 4 Jun 20237 Jun 2023
Conference number: 34


ConferenceISPIM Innovation Conference
Abbreviated titleISPIM


  • knowledge
  • intellectual property rights (IPR)
  • protection
  • sharing
  • sustainability-oriented innovation
  • innovation ecosystems
  • plastic ecosystems
  • multi-actor


Dive into the research topics of 'Balancing knowledge protection and sharing as a means to boost sustainability-oriented innovation in plastics ecosystems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this