Bacterial diversity and population shifts driven by spotlight wastewater micropollutants in low-temperature highly nitrifying activated sludge

Research output: Scientific - peer-reviewArticle

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-299
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume605-606
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Researchers

Research units

  • Abo Akademi University

Abstract

In this study the influence of low-temperature (8 °C), sludge retention time (SRT) and loading of spotlight wastewater micropollutants (MPs) on bacterial community of activated sludge was investigated with a special focus on nitrification. Two Sequencing batch reactors (SBR) and two membrane bioreactors (MBR) were operated with synthetic municipal-like wastewater receiving and not receiving ibuprofen, diclofenac, estrone and 17α-ethynylestradiol (EE2). Bacterial population studies were related to removal efficiencies of studied MPs. The results showed that studied bacterial communities significantly differed from all previously published nitrifying activated sludge communities. Exceptionally low concentration of autotrophic nitrifying bacteria were found (< 0.5%) as well as no common heterotrophic nitrifies were presenting in activated sludge and therefore could not be related to the MPs removal. Additionally SRT had a spacious effect on the diversity of bacteria and bacterial population shifts under pressure of MPs. Growth of Firmicutes was suppressed by presence of MPs in all the reactors. Increase of MPs concentrations in wastewater improved the removal of EE2. Abundance of Delta- and Gammaproteobacteria showed positive correlation with diclofenac removal.

    Research areas

  • Bacterial community, Biodegradation rate constant, Emerging micropollutants, Nitrifying activated sludge

ID: 14439864