Atomic force microscopy (AFM) with molecule-functionalized tips has emerged as the primary experimental tech- nique for probing the atomic structure of organic molecules on surfaces. Most experiments have been limited to nearly planar aromatic molecules due to difficulties with interpretation of highly distorted AFM images originat- ing from nonplanar molecules. Here, we develop a deep learning infrastructure that matches a set of AFM images with a unique descriptor characterizing the molecular configuration, allowing us to predict the molecular struc- ture directly. We apply this methodology to resolve several distinct adsorption configurations of 1S-camphor on Cu(111) based on low-temperature AFM measurements. This approach will open the door to applying high-resolution AFM to a large variety of systems, for which routine atomic and chemical structural resolution on the level of individual objects/molecules would be a major breakthrough.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 26 Feb 2020|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
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Anna Rissanen (Manager)Aalto University
OtaNano - Nanomicroscopy Center
Jani Seitsonen (Manager)OtaNano
Mikko Hakala (Manager)School of Science