Auroral Fading in Ionosphere-Magnetosphere Coupling Model - Implications for Possible Mechanisms
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- Finnish Meteorological Institute
Sudden fading of the growth phase auroral are and precipitation is sometimes observed just prior to substorm expansive phase onset. We can see a very similar phenomenon in a numerical ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling model. In the numerical simulation, the fading occurs because the region of hot and dense magnetospheric plasma moves towards the Earth. At the same time, the plasma that maps to the poleward part of the fading area is cooled, which reduces precipitation there. The hot and dense plasma near geostationary orbit continues to precipitate, but to a lesser extent because it resides in a more dipolar field. Thus the fading phenomenon appears to to occur because the hot and dense plasma is temporarily ''hidden'' from the ionosphere. A few minutes later it moves tailward which causes the auroral brightening.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Geophysical Research Letters|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 1995|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|