Assessment of the poloidal distribution of core plasma fueling and impurity sources in DIII-D

M. Groth*, L. W. Owen, G. D. Porter, N. H. Brooks, M. E. Fenstermacher, W. H. Meyer, A. W. Leonard, T. W. Petrie, D. L. Rudakov, G. Wang, J. G. Watkins, N. S. Wolf

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Measurements and modeling of the 2D poloidal D α intensity distribution in DIII-D low density L-mode and medium density ELMy H-mode plasmas indicate that the core plasma is predominately fueled near the divertor X-point region. The neutral deuterium and ion carbon emission were measured in the divertor and inner main chamber scrape-off layer (SOL) using a plasma imaging technique, covering 85% of the poloidal cross-section. Typically, the peak emission in the inner main SOL at the tokamak midplane was three orders of magnitude lower than in the divertor. For discharges with the ion B × ∇ B drift direction toward the lower divertor the UEDGE/DEGAS codes predict strong core plasma fueling from the significantly higher density and lower temperature plasma calculated in the inner divertor leg. The concomitant carbon ion flow reversal in the inner divertor leg enhances the leakage of carbon from the divertor into the main SOL, and hence into the core.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)425-430
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Nuclear Materials
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2005
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Carbon transport
  • DIII-D
  • Fueling
  • Plasma imaging
  • Poloidal drifts


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