Contrary to previous simulation results on the existence of amorphous intergranular films at high-angle twist grain boundaries (GBs) in elemental solids such as silicon, recent experimental results imply structural order in some high-angle boundaries. With a novel protocol for simulating twist GBs, which allows the number of atoms at the boundary to vary, we have found new low-energy ordered structures. We give a detailed exposition of the results for the simplest boundary. The validity of our results is confirmed by first-principles calculations.
- amorphous materials
- grain boundaries elemental solids
- first-principal calculations
- high-angle boundaries