We analyse a linear regression problem with nonconvex regularization called smoothly clipped absolute deviation (SCAD) under an overcomplete Gaussian basis for Gaussian random data. We propose an approximate message passing (AMP) algorithm considering nonconvex regularization, namely SCAD-AMP, and analytically show that the stability condition corresponds to the de Almeida-Thouless condition in spin glass literature. Through asymptotic analysis, we show the correspondence between the density evolution of SCAD-AMP and the replica symmetric (RS) solution. Numerical experiments confirm that for a sufficiently large system size, SCADAMP achieves the optimal performance predicted by the replica method. Through replica analysis, a phase transition between replica symmetric and replica symmetry breaking (RSB) region is found in the parameter space of SCAD. The appearance of the RS region for a nonconvex penalty is a significant advantage that indicates the region of smooth landscape of the optimization problem. Furthermore, we analytically show that the statistical representation performance of the SCAD penalty is better than that of ℓ1-based methods, and the minimum representation error under RS assumption is obtained at the edge of the RS/RSB phase. The correspondence between the convergence of the existing coordinate descent algorithm and RS/RSB transition is also indicated.
|Journal||Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment|
|Publication status||Published - 13 Mar 2018|
|MoE publication type||A1 Journal article-refereed|
- analysis of algorithms
- learning theory
- message-passing algorithms