Application of the compartmental model to the gas–liquid precipitation of CO2-Ca(OH)2 aqueous system in a stirred tank

Wenli Zhao*, Antonio Buffo, Ville Alopaeus, Bing Han, Marjatta Louhi-Kultanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)
192 Downloads (Pure)


A compartmental model is formulated to assess the influence of fluid dynamics on the gas–liquid precipitation of CO2(g)-Ca(OH)2(aq) system in a stirred tank reactor. The model combines the description of the flow field with several sub-models, namely gas to liquid mass transfer, chemical reaction, precipitation, and population balance for both gas bubbles and solid crystals. The modeling predictions, including the average volumetric mass transfer coefficient, the concentration of calcium ions, the pH of the solution and the Sauter mean diameter of the final crystal products are eventually compared with measurements carried out on a pilot-scale stirred tank. The results show that the local volumetric mass transfer rate and the final particle sizes distribution of the crystals are significantly affected by high local turbulence near the impeller. The local information simulated by the compartmental model, such as mass transfer rate, gas hold up and particle size of crystals and bubbles are important for the design and scaling of gas–liquid precipitators, with a computational time which is of several orders of magnitude faster than a full CFD computation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)378-386
Number of pages9
JournalAIChE Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • compartmental model
  • gas–liquid precipitation
  • mass transfer
  • population balance


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