Application of hybrid friction stir channeling technique to improve the cooling efficiency of electronic components

Heikki Karvinen*, Daniel Nordal, Timo Galkin, Pedro Vilaca

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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Hybrid friction stir channeling (HFSC) is a new friction stir-based method for producing internal, closed channels created simultaneously during welding of multiple metal plates. Differently from conventional friction stir channeling, that is only able to produce channels in a monolithic component, HFSC can be applied to complex structural systems involving multiple components made of similar or dissimilar materials. In this study, the channels manufactured by HFSC were open in a structural system made of AA5083, with one base plate of 5 mm thick, and one overlapping plate of 8 mm thick, used as a rib, containing the channel along conformal cooling path. The thermal performance of the HFSC channel is compared with a conventional channel, with similar shape and path, produced by milling. The channels being tested are part of an electronic device containing multiple heat sources. The HFSC channel presents 30 to 40% lower steady-state temperature and 33% higher cooling rate during the transient period than those of the milled version. Compared with the milled channel, the heat extraction capacity, per unit of mechanical pumping power, is higher for the HFSC channel. Surface roughness, microhardness, and microstructural analysis of HFSC channels are investigated to characterize the HFSC channel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-509
Number of pages13
JournalWelding in the World
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Friction stir processing
  • Solid-phase welding
  • Heat exchanger
  • Thermal properties
  • Electronic devices
  • Aluminum alloys


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