Applicability of the smart readiness indicator for cold climate countries

Eerika Janhunen*, Lauri Pulkka, Antti Säynäjoki, Seppo Junnila

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
105 Downloads (Pure)


In the EU's revised Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), a smart readiness indicator (SRI) was introduced as an energy efficiency activity to promote smart ready technologies (SRT) in the building sector. The proposed methodology is based on the evaluation of building services and how they contribute on SRT. The purpose of this paper is to explore the applicability of the SRI to cold climate countries in Northern Europe. The Northern European countries are an interesting test environment for the indicator because of their advanced information and communication technology and high building energy consumption profiles. The findings imply that regardless of the SRI's conceptualization as a system oriented (smart grid) approach, in its current form, it was not able to recognize the specific features of cold climate buildings, specifically those employing advanced district heating (DH) systems. Another, more practical, implication of the study was that due to the subjective nature of the proposed process for selecting SRI relevant building services, the applicability of SRI as a fair rating system across the EU member states is problematic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102
Number of pages18
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • District heating
  • Energy efficiency
  • EPBD
  • Smart grid
  • Smart readiness indicator
  • Smart ready technologies

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