Aortic Stenosis and Outcomes in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation : A Nationwide Cohort Study

Konsta Teppo*, K. E. Juhani Airaksinen, Fausto Biancari, Jussi Jaakkola, Olli Halminen, Miika Linna, Jari Haukka, Jukka Putaala, Pirjo Mustonen, Janne Kinnunen, Alex Luojus, Juha Hartikainen, Aapo L. Aro, Mika Lehto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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BACKGROUND: Patients with aortic stenosis (AS) have been underrepresented in the trials evaluating direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in atrial fibrillation (AF). We aimed to assess whether AS impacts outcomes in patients with AF and estimate the effects of DOACs versus warfarin in patients with AF and AS. METHODS AND RESULTS: The registry-based FinACAF (Finnish Anticoagulation in Atrial Fibrillation) study covered all patients with AF diagnosed during 2007 to 2018 in Finland. Hazard ratios (HRs) of first-ever gastrointestinal bleeding, intracranial bleeding, any bleeding, ischemic stroke, and death were estimated with cause-specific hazards regression adjusted for anticoagulant exposure variables. We identified 183 946 patients (50.5% women; mean age, 71.7 [SD, 13.5] years) with incident AF without prior bleeding or ischemic stroke, of whom 5231 (2.8%) had AS. The crude incidence rate of all outcomes was higher in patients with AS than in patients without AS. After propensity score matching, AS was associated with the hazard of any bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, and death but not with intracranial bleeding or ischemic stroke (adjusted HRs, 1.36 [95% CI, 1.25–1.48], 1.63 [95% CI, 1.43–1.86], 1.32 [95% CI, 1.26–1.38], 0.96 [95% CI, 0.78–1.17], and 1.11 [95% CI, 0.99–1.25], respectively). Among patients with AS, DOACs were associated with a lower risk of ischemic stroke when compared with warfarin, while bleeding and mortality did not differ between DOACs and warfarin. CONCLUSIONS: AS is associated with substantially higher risk of gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with AF. DOACs may be more effective in preventing ischemic stroke than warfarin in patients with AF and AS. REGISTRATION: URL:; Unique identifier: NCT04645537.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere029337
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • anticoagulation
  • aortic stenosis
  • atrial fibrillation
  • bleeding
  • ischemic stroke
  • outcomes


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