Antioxidant and UV-blocking activity of PVA/tannin-based bioplastics in food packaging application

Maya Ismayati*, Netha Amelia Nur Fatah, Engela Evy Ernawati, Juliandri, Wida Banar Kusumaningrum, Muhammad Adly R. Lubis, Widya Fatriasari, Nissa Nurfajrin Solihat, Fahriya Puspita Sari, Abdul Halim, Irvan Adhin Cholilie, Yuki Tobimatsu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, bioplastics with antioxidant and UV protection properties based on tannin and PVA were created for packaging uses. Using a hot water extraction method at various extraction temperatures (60–100 °C), tannins were removed from the bark of Acacia mangium. Tannins with the best antioxidant activity were extracted at 80 °C. In order to create bioplastic formulations (PVA/Tannins), the extract is then employed. The non-heating bioplastic method's preparation (M3) stage produced the highest levels of antioxidant activity. Therefore, subsequent tests were conducted using the non-heating method (M3). On the opacity, UV protective activity, antioxidant capacity, mechanical strength, thermal stability, and water vapor permeability of the resultant bioplastics, the impact of tannin concentration (0.1–0.5 g) was examined. The findings of the experiments demonstrate that PVA/Tannin bioplastics are less transparent than pure PVA. The PVA/tannin bioplastics that are formed, on the whole, show strong antioxidant and UV protection action. Comparing PVA/Tannin bioplastics to pure PVA also revealed a small improvement in thermal stability and tensile strength. In PVA bioplastics with resistant tannins, moisture content was marginally greater even at low tannin concentrations (0.1 g). Based on the findings, bioplastics made from PVA and the tannin A. mangium have the potential to be used to create packaging that is UV and active antioxidant resistant. It can be applied as the second (inner) layer of the primary packaging to protect food freshness and nutrition due to their antioxidant activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number128332
JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Issue numberPart 2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Acacia mangium
  • Antioxidant
  • Bioplastics
  • Tannin
  • UV-blocking


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