Anisotropy of additively manufactured AlSi10Mg: threads and surface integrity

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Abstract

Implementing additive manufacturing in an industry, particularly for critical applications of lightweight aluminum (AlSi10Mg),
requires part properties that are both accurate and precise to conform to the intent of a robust design. In this experimental study,
the objective was to evaluate anisotropy in part properties (i.e., flatness, surface roughness, surface porosity, surface hardness,
pre-hole shrinkage, drilling thrust force, and thread-stripping force) when the part orientation (i.e., print inclination and recoater
angle) was independently changed. This study developed and investigated an innovative procedure for determining anisotropy in
part properties. The part properties were evaluated by designing specific features on a tailor-made flat plate. The replicas of the
aluminum plate were additively manufactured at varying orientations using two commercial EOS parameter sets for the laserbased powder bed fusion technique. Conventional measurement equipment was used to analyze all the part properties, except the
thread-stripping force, which was measured using a custom-made setup. All the part properties indicated a considerable degree of
anisotropy, excluding the drilling thrust force. The printing parameters dictate the significance of the anisotropy. The anisotropy
in flatness and pre-hole shrinkage decreases with an increased substrate temperature and a decrease in energy input and thermal
gradient. The presence of surface overlapping contours in the scan strategy and an increased energy input can reduce anisotropy
in surface roughness and hardness. No significant anisotropy was detected when the recoater angle was changed. This study helps
designers establish and substantiate design for additive manufacturing that is within the limits of appropriate anisotropy for a
robust design
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Apr 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • 3D printing
  • Direct metal laser sintering (DMLS)
  • Print orientations
  • Recoater angle
  • Machining allowance
  • Threads

Field of art

  • Design

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  • Projects

    FINN 3D Niemi

    Kyrenius, P., Niemi, E., Paro, J. & Ullah, R.

    01/10/201630/04/2019

    Project: Business Finland: Other research funding

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