Anisotropic thermoelectric properties associated with dimensional crossover in quasi-one-dimensional SrNbO3.4+d (d ~ 0.03)

W Kobayashi, Y Hayashi, M Matsushita, Y Yamamoto, I Terasaki, A Nakao, H Nakao, Y Murakami, Y Moritomo, Hisao Yamauchi, Maarit Karppinen

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    Abstract

    We have grown large single crystals of SrNbO3.4+d (d∼0.03) with n=5 in the homologous series SrnNbnO3n+2 by using a traveling solvent floating-zone method and measured resistivity, thermopower, and thermal conductivity along all crystallographic axes. The thermoelectric properties are found to be highly anisotropic, which reflects a quasi-one-dimensional electronic structure. In particular, the thermopower along the b axis is −170 μV/K at 300 K, which is 1 order of magnitude higher than the −15 μV/K along the a axis and −25 μV/K along the c axis. A possible origin of the high anisotropy in the thermopower is discussed in terms of dimensional crossover associated with a structural modification.
    Original languageEnglish
    Article number085118
    Pages (from-to)1-6
    JournalPhysical Review B
    Volume84
    Issue number8
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2011
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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