Anisotropic Plastic Behavior of Additively Manufactured PH1 Steel

Wenqi Liu, Zinan Li, Sven Bossuyt, Antti Forsström, Zaiqing Que, Roy Björkstrand, Mika Salmi, Jouni Partanen, Junhe Lian*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference article in proceedingsScientificpeer-review

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Metals made by additive manufacturing (AM) have intensely augmented over the past decade for customizing complex structured products in the aerospace industry, automotive, and biomedical engineering. However, for AM fabricated steels, the correlation between the microstructure and mechanical properties is yet a challenging task with limited reports. To realize optimization and material design during the AM process, it is imperative to understand the influence of the microstructural features on the mechanical properties of AM fabricated steels. In the present study, three material blocks with 120×25×15 mm3 dimensions are produced from PH1 steel powder using powder bed fusion (PBF) technology to investigate the anisotropic plastic deformation behavior arising from the manufacturing process. Despite being identical in geometrical shape, the manufactured blocks are designed distinguishingly with various coordinate transformations, i.e. alternating the orientation of the block in the building direction (z) and the substrate plate (x, y). Uniaxial tensile tests are performed along the length direction of each specimen to characterize the anisotropic plastic deformation behavior. The distinctly anisotropic plasticity behavior in terms of strength and ductility are observed in the AM PH1 steel, which is explained by their varied microstructure affected by the thermal history of blocks. It could also be revealed that the thermal history in the AM blocks is influenced by the block geometry even though the same process parameters are employed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationESAFORM 2021 - 24th International Conference on Material Forming
PublisherULiège Library
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-2-87019-303-7
ISBN (Print)978-2-87019-302-0
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2021
MoE publication typeA4 Conference publication
EventInternational ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming - Virtual, Liége, Belgium
Duration: 1 Apr 202130 Apr 2021
Conference number: 24


ConferenceInternational ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming


  • additive manufacturing
  • martensitic stainless steel
  • digital image correlation
  • geometry design
  • plastic anisotropy


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