Angular momentum dynamics of light-driven mass density waves in thin film structures

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Abstract

We have recently developed the mass-polariton (MP) theory of light to describe propagation of light in dielectric materials [Phys. Rev. A 95, 063850 (2017)]. The MP theory considers a light wave simultaneously with the dynamics of the medium atoms driven by optoelastic forces between the field-induced dipoles and the electromagnetic field. The MP theory combines the well-known optical forces with the Newtonian dynamics of the medium. Therefore, it can be applied to any inhomogeneous, dispersive, and lossy materials. One of the key observations of the MP theory of light is that a light pulse propagating in a nondispersive dielectric transfers an increased atomic density such that the total transferred mass is equal to δM = (n 2 - 1)E/c 2 , where n is the refractive index and E is the electromagnetic energy of the pulse. This mass is transferred by an atomic mass density wave (MDW) where the atoms are spaced more densely inside the light pulse as a result of the optical force. Another key observation is that, in common semiconductors, most of the linear and angular momenta of light is transferred by the semiconductor atoms in the MDW moving under the influence of the optical force. In this work, we use the electric and magnetic fields of selected Laguerre-Gaussian mode beams to calculate the optical force density, which is used in the optoelastic continuum dynamics to simulate the dynamics of medium atoms in edge-supported free-standing thin film structures. The goal of our work is to find out how the different force components related to the reflection, transmission, absorption, and the atomic MDW bend and twist the film. The simulations also aim at optimizing experimental studies of the atomic dynamics in the thin film and to relating the measurements to the properties of incoming light.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComplex Light and Optical Forces XIII
EditorsEnrique J. Galvez, David L. Andrews, Jesper Gluckstad
Pages1-10
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625129
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventComplex Light and Optical Forces - San Francisco, United States
Duration: 5 Feb 20197 Feb 2019
Conference number: 13

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE
PublisherSPIE
Volume10935
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Conference

ConferenceComplex Light and Optical Forces
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period05/02/201907/02/2019

Keywords

  • Electrodynamics
  • Mass density wave
  • Mass-polariton
  • Optical shock wave
  • Optomechanics

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  • Cite this

    Partanen, M., & Tulkki, J. (2019). Angular momentum dynamics of light-driven mass density waves in thin film structures. In E. J. Galvez, D. L. Andrews, & J. Gluckstad (Eds.), Complex Light and Optical Forces XIII (pp. 1-10). [109350B] (Proceedings of SPIE; Vol. 10935). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2505844