Analysis of the Grounding Avoidance Behavior of a Ro-Pax Ship in the Gulf of Finland using Big Data

Mingyang Zhang*, Jakub Montewka, Teemu Manderbacka, Pentti Kujala, Spyros Hirdaris

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Waterway traffic complexity is one of the main reasons behind grounding accidents. It can be estimated qualitatively through expert
judgment or quantitatively through the analysis of traffic data. In this paper we introduce a big data analytics methodology for the analysis of grounding avoidance behavior of selected Ro-Pax ships. To demonstrate the applicability of the method, detailed traffic data obtained from Automatic Identification System (AIS) are combined with the General Bathymetric Chart of the Oceans (GEBCO) for three year period of operations in the Gulf of Finland. The grounding avoidance behavior of a RoPax passenger ship operating in shallow waters is idealized under various traffic patterns that link to side or forward grounding scenarios. The results demonstrate improved understanding of grounding avoidance behaviors in real operation that may in turn lead to better evaluation of waterway complexity indices and critical operational scenarios not currently accounted for by existing accident databases.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication30th International Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9781880653845
ISBN (Print)978-1-880653-84-5
Publication statusPublished - 11 Oct 2020
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference
- Shanghai, China
Duration: 11 Oct 202016 Oct 2020
Conference number: 30

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference
PublisherThe International Society of Offshore and Polar Engineers (ISOPE)
ISSN (Print)1098-6189
ISSN (Electronic)1555-1792


ConferenceInternational Ocean and Polar Engineering Conference
Abbreviated titleISOPE


  • Ship Safety
  • Grounding
  • Big data analytics
  • RoPax ships
  • Gulf of Finland

Field of art

  • Performance
  • Design


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