Cross-polarization coupling is an important radio propagation characteristic in dual-polarized multiple-input multiple output (MIMO) systems. Still, few studies analyze the polarimetric properties of the radio channel in relation to the actual propagation conditions and processes taking place in urban environment. The topic is studied in the present paper with the aid of dual-polarized MIMO measurements and ray tracing simulations. Several scenarios are considered, and the impact of the different propagation characteristics (LOS, NLOS, link-distance, presence of diffuse-scattering, angular distribution of the signal, etc.) on cross-polarization coupling is analyzed. Generally, a fairly high degree of coupling is observed due to multipath propagation and especially to diffuse scattering. Surprisingly, it does not appear to depend on link distance.
- Electromagnetic scattering
- multiple-input multiple output (MIMO) systems
- ray tracing
- urban propagation