An in silico pan-genomic probe for the molecular traits behind Lactobacillus ruminis gut autochthony

Ravi Kant, Airi Palva, Ingemar von Ossowski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

As an ecological niche, the mammalian intestine provides the ideal habitat for a variety of bacterial microorganisms. Purportedly, some commensal genera and species offer a beneficial mix of metabolic, protective, and structural processes that help sustain the natural digestive health of the host. Among these sort of gut inhabitants is the Gram-positive lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus ruminis, a strict anaerobe with both pili and flagella on its cell surface, but also known for being autochthonous (indigenous) to the intestinal environment. Given that the molecular basis of gut autochthony for this species is largely unexplored and unknown, we undertook a study at the genome level to pinpoint some of the adaptive traits behind its colonization behavior. In our pan-genomic probe of L. ruminis, the genomes of nine different strains isolated from human, bovine, porcine, and equine host guts were compiled and compared for in silico analysis. For this, we conducted a geno-phenotypic assessment of protein-coding genes, with an emphasis on those products involved with cell-surface morphology and anaerobic fermentation and respiration. We also categorized and examined the core and accessory genes that define the L. ruminis species and its strains. Here, we made an attempt to identify those genes having ecologically relevant phenotypes that might support or bring about intestinal indigenousness.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0175541
Number of pages26
JournalPloS one
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Apr 2017
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • GRAM-POSITIVE BACTERIA
  • LACTIC-ACID BACTERIA
  • SIGNAL PEPTIDES
  • ADHESION PROPERTIES
  • PROTEIN SECRETION
  • SURFACE DISPLAY
  • SP-NOV
  • SEQUENCE
  • STRAINS
  • FIBRONECTIN

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