An examination of the Neutral Penetration Model 1/ne,ped scaling for its validity of spatially varying neutral sources

, J. Simpson*, M. Groth

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

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The core transport code, JETTO, coupled to the neutral Monte Carlo code, EIRENE, has been used to examine the sensitivity of the JET H-mode pedestal to the neutral flux crossing the separatrix. The Neutral Penetration Model (NPM) [Groebner et. al., Physics of Plasmas 9, 2134 (2002)] predicts the width of the density pedestal along the neutral path to scale with the inverse of its height: 1/ne,ped. By keeping the same physics assumptions in the NPM, and setting the deuterium atoms to cross the separatrix at the same location as the synthetic diagnostic line of sight (i.e. at the outer mid-plane, OMP), we were able to reproduce this scaling in JETTO-EIRENE. However, when the atoms were set to cross the separatrix at the X-point (more consistent with EDGE2D-EIRENE simulations of JET H-modes), the density width at the OMP was found to be much more sensitive to the pedestal height (approximately proportional to 1/ne,ped2). This is attributed to a radial variation in the poloidal flux expansion from OMP to X-point, over the range of ionisation mean free path lengths explored in the scan. Accounting for this variation allowed the expected scaling at the OMP to be recovered. Implications are discussed for experimental comparisons to the NPM and its application to pedestal prediction models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101037
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Materials and Energy
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • 1/neped scaling
  • Density pedestal prediction
  • Neutral penetration
  • Neutral penetration model


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