An automated process to calibrate building energy model based on schedule tuning and signed directed graph method

Yan Lyu, Yiqun Pan, Tao Yang, Yuming Li, Zhizhong Huang, Risto Kosonen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

The calibration of building energy model is a vital part of the whole modelling process. To improve the efficiency of this work, an automation procedure has recently been introduced to the calibration process, but no generic approach has yet received the consensus of the whole community at present. The main reason is that a purely mathematics-based, automated calibration lacks physical explanation, which means that the calibrated model probably has a large error in certain single physical values despite a good overall agreement with the measurement data.

In this study, the authors design a set of procedures to automatize the calibration process of building energy model based on schedule tuning and signed directed graph (SDG) method, which codifies human experience and logic and incorporates them into the modules of computational calibration to combine the advantages of traditional and automated approach. The specific operations of calibration process are introduced through a case study. In this case, a building energy model with relatively low accuracy is finally well calibrated. The CV(RMSE) (Coefficient of Variation of Root Mean Square Error) of the original model is 42.12% for power consumption and 25.50% for gas consumption; and for the calibrated model, the CV(RMSE) is 2.21% for power consumption and 3.15% for gas consumption. In addition, the same operations are also applied to another case for further verification. In this case, the final CV(RMSE) of power consumption is reduced to 2.19% from 19.25%. This significant result reveals the applicability and effectiveness of the automated process.
Original languageEnglish
Article number102058
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
Volume35
Early online date2 Dec 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • building simulation
  • model calibration
  • HVAC system
  • schedule
  • signed directed graph (SDG)

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