## Abstract

Geothermal energy is a renewable resource that is constantly available. The low geothermal well operating lifetime is the main challenge in using this type of renewable energy. This problem can be covered by the aid of solar system (hybrid system). For complicated renewable energy systems, finding the optimum design parameters and operating conditions require to develop experimental apparatus or sophisticated thermodynamic models. Hence, in this study, artificial intelligence (AI) approach is proposed for modeling the geothermal organic Rankin cycle (GORC) equipped with solar thermal unit. Indeed, the current study depicts how AI methods can meticulously simulate the operation of a complicated renewable energy system. The developed intelligent methods are adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) optimized with particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm (ANFIS-PSO) and multilayer perceptron (MLP) neural network optimized with PSO algorithm (MLP-PSO). The models are composed based on the main design parameters of the geothermal system that are solar radiation, well temperature, working fluid mass flow rate, turbine output pressure, surface area of the solar collector and preheater inlet pressure. The intelligent models use the mentioned input variables to predict the net power output, energy efficiency, exergy efficiency and levelized cost of energy (LCOE) of the GORC. Energy, exergy and economic analyses are carried out for the low global warming potential (GWP) refrigerants. It was found out that although the intelligent models can meticulously predict the targets, ANFIS-PSO performs better than MLP-PSO for modeling the GORC with solar system. Root mean square error of this model for prediction of power generation, energy efficiency, exergy efficiency and LCOE was 12.023 (kW), 3.587 x 10(-4), 3.278 x 10(-4) and 1.332 x 10(-4), respectively.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 138-154 |

Number of pages | 17 |

Journal | Geothermics |

Volume | 80 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 1 Jul 2019 |

MoE publication type | A1 Journal article-refereed |

## Keywords

- Geothermal organic Rankine cycle
- Adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system
- Multilayer neural network
- Particle swarm optimization
- Solar thermal collector