Amplitude of N400 component unaffected by lexical priming for moderately constraining sentences

Elvira Khachatryan*, Marijn van Vliet, Simon De Deyne, Gerrit Storms, Hovhannes Manvelyan, Marc M. Van Hulle

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The N400 is an event-related potential (ERP) that reflects the processing of semantics in the brain. When reading sentences, the N400 amplitude is modulated by both the cloze probability of the sentence and the association strength between individual words. When contradicted in strongly constraining sentences, that is, the beginning of the sentence builds a strong expectation of the final word; the cloze probability overrules the effect of association strength. We evidence that this is also the case for non-constraining sentences, such as the ones with low to moderate cloze probabilities. Our results give the evidences that if the sentence generates even weak to moderate expectations about the final word, word association plays almost no role in the processing of this word.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4th International Workshop on Cognitive Information Processing - Proceedings of CIP 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Workshop on Cognitive Information Processing - Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 26 May 201428 May 2014
Conference number: 4

Workshop

WorkshopInternational Workshop on Cognitive Information Processing
Abbreviated titleCIP
CountryDenmark
CityCopenhagen
Period26/05/201428/05/2014

Keywords

  • cloze task
  • N400
  • sentence-level context
  • word association

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