Age at arrival, parents and neighborhoods: understanding the educational attainment of immigrants’ children

Laura Ansala, Ulla Hämäläinen, Matti Sarvimäki*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

Abstract

This article documents how children of immigrants cope in early adulthood in Finland. We first show that, on average, they have dramatically lower educational attainment than children of natives do. This difference can be attributed to age at arrival, parental income and neighborhood quality. In fact, Finnish-born children of immigrants obtain more education than children of natives growing up in the same zip codes and in families with similar parental income and family structure. Sibling comparisons suggest that age at arrival has a causal impact on educational attainment. The results are very similar for the likelihood of being idle and having been convicted of a crime, but are starkly different for the likelihood of having been reimbursed for psychotropic medication.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-480
JournalJOURNAL OF ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
Volume20
Issue number2
Early online date29 Jun 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

Keywords

  • Children of immigrants
  • second-generation immigrants
  • education
  • age at arrival

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