Against Method: The Portability of Method in Human-Centered Design

Jung-Joo Lee

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisCollection of Articles


Design researchers have recently been active in developing new design methods aimed at greatly improving their understanding of people’s subjective felt-experience, and their creativity and values. Although these innovative methods were developed as alternatives to more traditional means, human-centered designers (especially in HCI) have shown a tendency to use a traditional, scientific rationalization when applying them – essentially, “method as recipe.” The study analyzes these misinterpretations of innovative methods and seeks a more constructive way of understanding and describing how they actually work for understanding culture and social action. With the provocative title, Against Method, the dissertation seeks to promote reflection and sensitivity among practitioners, researchers, students and educators in human-centered design.
Translated title of the contributionAgainst Method: The Portability of Method in Human-Centered Design
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor's degree
Awarding Institution
  • Aalto University
  • Keinonen, Turkka, Supervising Professor
  • Lee, Kun-Pyo, Thesis Advisor, External person
  • Koskinen, Ilpo, Thesis Advisor
Print ISBNs978-952-60-4859-8
Electronic ISBNs978-952-60-4860-4
Publication statusPublished - 2012
MoE publication typeG5 Doctoral dissertation (article)


  • felt-experience
  • creativity
  • values
  • human-centered designers
  • understanding culture
  • social action


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