After-fracture behaviour of steel-concrete composite twin I-girder bridges : An experimental study

Weiwei Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


To simplify the design and reduce the construction cost of traditional multi-girder structural systems, twin I-girder structures are widely used in many countries in recent years. Due to the concern on post-fracture redundancy, however, twin girder bridges are currently classified as fracture critical structures in AASHTO specifications for highway bridges. To investigate the after-fracture behavior of such structures, a composite steel and concrete twin girder specimen was built and an artificial fracture through the web and the bottom flange was created on one main girder. The static loading test was performed to investigate its mechanical performance after a severe fracture occurred on the main girder. Applied load and vertical displacement curves, and the applied load versus strain relationships at key sections were measured. To investigate the load distribution and transfer capacities between two steel girders, the normal strain development on crossbeams was also measured during the loading test. In addition, both shear and normal strains of studs were also measured in the loading test to explore the behavior of shear connectors in such bridges. The functions and structural performance of structural members and possible load transfer paths after main girder fractures in such bridges were also discussed. The test results indicate in this study that a typical twin I-girder can resist a general fracture on one of its two main girders. The presented results can provide references for post-fracture performance and optimization for the design of twin I-girder bridges and similar structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)139-149
Number of pages11
JournalSteel and Composite Structures
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2022
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • collapse
  • fracture
  • loading test
  • redundancy
  • two girder


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