Additive Manufacturing of Bioactive Poly(trimethylene carbonate)/β-Tricalcium Phosphate Composites for Bone Regeneration

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Abstract

Implants of bioresorbable materials combined with osteoconductive calcium phosphate ceramics show promising results to replace and repair damaged bone tissue. Here we present additive manufacturing of patient-specific porous scaffolds of poly(trimethylene carbonate) (PTMC) including high amounts of β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP). Tensile testing of composite networks showed that addition of β-tricalcium phosphate reinforces the composites significantly. Three-dimensional structures containing up to 60 wt % β-TCP could be built by stereolithography. By lowering the content to 51 wt %, manufacturing of a large-sized patient-specific prototype was possible at high resolution. Closer examination revealed that the created scaffolds contained more β-TCP on the surface of the builds. Stereolithography therefore provides a manufacturing technique where the bioactive agent is directly available for creating an enhanced microenvironment for cell growth. The biocompatibility and bioresorption of PTMC coupled with the osteoconductivity of β-TCP are an important candidate to consider in additive manufacturing of bone regeneration implants.

Details

Original languageEnglish
JournalBiomacromolecules
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2020
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

ID: 39211951