Adaptive Nonlinear RF Cancellation for Improved Isolation in Simultaneous Transmit-Receive Systems

Adnan Kiayani, Muhammad Zeeshan Waheed, Lauri Anttila, Mahmoud Abdelaziz, Dani Korpi, Ville Syrjala, Marko Kosunen, Kari Stadius, Jussi Ryynanen, Mikko Valkama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)
266 Downloads (Pure)


This paper proposes an active radio frequency (RF) cancellation solution to suppress the transmitter (TX) passband leakage signal in radio transceivers supporting simultaneous transmission and reception. The proposed technique is based on creating an opposite-phase baseband equivalent replica of the TX leakage signal in the transceiver digital front-end through adaptive nonlinear filtering of the known transmit data, to facilitate highly accurate cancellation under a nonlinear power amplifier (PA). The active RF cancellation is then accomplished by employing an auxiliary TX chain to generate the actual RF cancellation signal, and combining it with the received signal at the receiver (RX) low-noise amplifier (LNA) input. A closed-loop parameter learning approach, based on the decorrelation learning rule, is also developed to efficiently estimate the coefficients of the nonlinear cancellation filter in the presence of a nonlinear PA with memory, finite passive isolation, and a nonlinear LNA. The performance of the proposed cancellation technique is evaluated through comprehensive RF measurements adopting commercial LTE-Advanced transceiver hardware components. The results show that the proposed technique can provide an additional suppression of up to 54 dB for the TX passband leakage signal at the LNA input, even at very high transmit power levels and with wide transmission bandwidths. Such a novel cancellation solution can, therefore, substantially improve the TX-RX isolation, hence reducing the requirements on passive isolation and RF component linearity, as well as increasing the efficiency and flexibility of the RF spectrum use in the emerging 5G radio networks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2299-2312
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • 5G
  • adaptive cancellation
  • Baseband
  • carrier aggregation (CA)
  • Couplings
  • duplexer isolation
  • flexible duplexing
  • frequency division duplexing
  • in-band full duplex (IBFD)
  • least-mean squares (LMS)
  • LTE-Advanced
  • Nonlinear distortion
  • nonlinear distortion
  • Passband
  • Radio frequency
  • radio frequency (RF) cancellation
  • Radio transceivers
  • self-interference (SI)
  • transmitter (TX) leakage signal.

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