Across-time change and variation in cultural tightness-looseness

Anne Mandel, Anu Realo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
125 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Cultural tightness-looseness, a dimension which describes the strength, multitude, and clarity of social norms in a culture, has proved significant in explaining differences between cultures. Although several studies have compared different cultures on this domain, this study is the first that targets both within-country differences and across-time variation in tightness-looseness. Using data from two nationally representative samples of Estonians, we found that the general tightness level had changed over a period of 10 years but the effect size of the change was small. A significant within country variance in 2002 had disappeared by 2012. Our results suggest that tightness-looseness, similarly to cultural value orientations, is a relatively stable and robust characteristic of culture–that is, change indeed takes place, but slowly. Future studies about across-time change and within-country variance in tightness-looseness should target more culturally diverse and socially divided societies.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0145213
Pages (from-to)1-14
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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