Acoustic Metric and Planck Constants

G. E. Volovik*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
23 Downloads (Pure)


Based on Akama–Diakonov (AD) theory of emergent tetrads, it was suggested that one can introduce two Planck constants,(Foemula Presented.), which are the parameters of the corresponding components of Minkowski metric, (Formula Presented.). In the Akama–Diakonov theory, the interval ds is dimensionless, as a result the metric elements and thus the Planck constants have nonzero dimensions. The Planck constant (Formula Presented.) has dimension of time, and the Planck constant (Formula Presented.) has dimension of length. It is natural to compare (Formula Presented.) with the Planck length lP. However, this connection remains an open question, because the microscopic (trans-Planckian) physics of the quantum vacuum is not known. Here we study this question using the effective gravity emerging for sound wave quanta (phonons) in superfluid Bose liquid, where the microscopic physics is known, and the elements of the effective acoustic metric are determined by the parameters of the Bose liquid. Since the acoustic interval is dimensionless, one may introduce the effective “acoustic Planck constants”. The acoustic Planck constant (Formula Presented.) has dimension of length and is on the order of the interatomic distance. This supports the scenario in which (Formula Presented.) ~ lP. We also use the acoustic metric for consideration of dependence of (Formula Presented.) on the Hubble parameter in expanding Universe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)551-556
Number of pages6
JournalJETP Letters
Issue number7
Early online date2023
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


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