Absorption cross-sections of Disperse Orange 13 and Irgacure 784 determined with mask projection vat photopolymerization

Pekka Lehtinen*, Matti Kaivola, Jouni Partanen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


It is necessary to understand the photoinitiated curing process, which occurs in vat photopolymerization resins during exposure, to develop high quality end products. Usually a curable resin contains photosensitizers, crosslinkable monomers and neutral absorbers, which have different roles in the curing process. The photosensitizer initiates the process by absorbing a photon and creating a chain initiator species, which causes the monomers to polymerize, crosslink and form a solid shape. While a photoinitiator is essential to achieve curing, a neutral absorber is required to control the cure depth. Short cure depth results in thin layers and high resolution end products, whereas large cure depth increases manufacturing speed. Thus, information about the absorptive properties of both the initiator and the absorber is crucial for the development of additive manufacturing techniques that are based on photoinitiated curing. To investigate these absorptive properties, a working curve method is applied with a mask projection vat photopolymerization apparatus to determine the absorption cross-sections of Irgacure 784 and Disperse Orange 13 and compare the results to ones obtained with spectrophotometry. With both methods, the results for each substance are within the same order of magnitude, but photobleaching seems to affect the vat photopolymerization results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)286-289
Number of pages4
JournalAdditive Manufacturing
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Absorption cross-section
  • Disperse Orange 13
  • Irgacure 784
  • Spectrophotometry
  • Vat photopolymerization
  • Working curve


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