Ab initio computational study on the lattice thermal conductivity of Zintl clathrates [Si19 P4]Cl4 and Na4[Al4Si19]

Ville J. Härkönen, Antti J. Karttunen

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    Abstract

    The lattice thermal conductivity of silicon clathrate framework Si23 and two Zintl clathrates, [Si19P4]Cl4 and Na4[Al4Si19], is investigated by using an iterative solution of the linearized Boltzmann transport equation in conjunction with ab initio lattice dynamical techniques. At 300 K, the lattice thermal conductivities for Si23, [Si19P4]Cl4, and Na4[Al4Si19] were found to be 43 W/(m K), 25 W/(m K), and 2 W/(m K), respectively. In the case of Na4[Al4Si19], the order-of-magnitude reduction in the lattice thermal conductivity was found to be mostly due to relaxation times and group velocities differing from Si23 and [Si19P4]Cl4. The difference in the relaxation times and group velocities arises primarily due to the phonon spectrum at low frequencies, resulting eventually from the differences in the second-order interatomic force constants (IFCs). The obtained third-order IFCs were rather similar for all materials considered here. The present findings are similar to those obtained earlier for some skutterudites. The predicted lattice thermal conductivity of Na4[Al4Si19] is in line with the experimentally measured thermal conductivity of recently synthesized type-I Zintl clathrate Na8[Al8Si38] (polycrystalline samples).

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number054310
    JournalPhysical Review B
    Volume94
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Aug 2016
    MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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