A universal approach for the synthesis of two-dimensional binary compounds

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleScientificpeer-review


  • Abhay Shivayogimath
  • Joachim Dahl Thomsen
  • David M.A. Mackenzie
  • Mathias Geisler
  • Raluca Maria Stan
  • Ann Julie Holt
  • Marco Bianchi
  • Andrea Crovetto
  • Patrick R. Whelan
  • Alexandra Carvalho
  • Antonio H.Castro Neto
  • Philip Hofmann
  • Nicolas Stenger
  • Peter Bøggild
  • Timothy J. Booth

Research units

  • Danmarks Tekniske Universitet
  • Aarhus University
  • National University of Singapore


Only a few of the vast range of potential two-dimensional materials (2D) have been isolated or synthesised to date. Typically, 2D materials are discovered by mechanically exfoliating naturally occurring bulk crystals to produce atomically thin layers, after which a material-specific vapour synthesis method must be developed to grow interesting candidates in a scalable manner. Here we show a general approach for synthesising thin layers of two-dimensional binary compounds. We apply the method to obtain high quality, epitaxial MoS2 films, and extend the principle to the synthesis of a wide range of other materials—both well-known and never-before isolated—including transition metal sulphides, selenides, tellurides, and nitrides. This approach greatly simplifies the synthesis of currently known materials, and provides a general framework for synthesising both predicted and unexpected new 2D compounds.


Original languageEnglish
Article number2957
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2019
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed

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