A study on user-friendly formal specification languages for requirements formalization

Cheng Pang, Antti Pakonen, Igor Buzhinskii, Valeriy Vyatkin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionScientificpeer-review


Formal methods and languages are used to prove the correctness of various industrial systems, especially mission-critical ones. They can also be viewed as a means to provide safety and correctness demonstration to the stakeholders of such systems. In domains such as nuclear power plant engineering, the benefits from structured safety evidences would seem obvious. However, most stakeholders in nuclear power industry are not even familiar with formal notations. As a result, to promote the applications of formal methods in practice, the first step is to make formal specification languages (FSLs) more accessible. With user-friendly FSLs, users can focus on safety requirements rather than on their sophisticated formalization. This paper, as a preliminary work towards an integrated framework supporting transparent safety demonstration, reviews existing approaches applied to facilitate requirements formalization and formal specifications. Moreover, the common features of user-friendly languages and their tool supports are also summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 14th IEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics, INDIN 2016
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781509028702
Publication statusPublished - 2016
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventIEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics - Poitiers, France
Duration: 19 Jul 201621 Jul 2016
Conference number: 14

Publication series

NameIEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics
ISSN (Print)1935-4576
ISSN (Electronic)2378-363X


ConferenceIEEE International Conference on Industrial Informatics
Abbreviated titleINDIN
Internet address


  • formal methods
  • formal specification languages
  • model checking
  • requirements engineering
  • visual formalisms

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