A Sensor Interface for Neurochemical Signal Acquisition

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Abstract

This paper describes the design of an integrated sensor interface for neurochemical signal acquisition. Neurochemicals undergo oxidation and reduction reactions in the presence of an action potential. Thus, knowledge of the oxidation and reduction potentials of neurochemicals is important in the neurostimulation treatment of neurological and neurodegenerative diseases. The sensor interface circuit utilizes a mixed-signal design to detect the induced current from the neurochemical, in response to an applied voltage. The circuit is fabricated in 65nm CMOS technology and supports a wide input current range of ±1.2μA with a current resolution of 85.4pA, enabling detection of neurochemicals within the supported current range. Measured results with dopamine concentration of 500nMol demonstrate the ability of the sensor interface circuit to detect oxidation and reduction current peaks, indicating the release times and the required oxidation and reduction potentials for neurostimulation of the neurochemical.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2019 IEEE 62nd International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, MWSCAS 2019
PublisherIEEE
Pages390-393
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728127880
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019
MoE publication typeA4 Article in a conference publication
EventInternational Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems - Dallas, United States
Duration: 4 Aug 20197 Aug 2019
Conference number: 62

Publication series

NameConference proceedings : Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems
ISSN (Print)1548-3746
ISSN (Electronic)1558-3899

Conference

ConferenceInternational Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems
Abbreviated titleMWSCAS
CountryUnited States
CityDallas
Period04/08/201907/08/2019

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  • Prizes

    A Sensor Interface for Neurochemical Signal Acquisition

    Olaitan Olabode (Recipient), 6 Aug 2019

    Prize: Award or honor granted for a specific work

  • Cite this

    Olabode, O., Kosunen, M., Unnikrishnan, V., Palomaki, T., Laurila, T., Halonen, K., & Ryynanen, J. (2019). A Sensor Interface for Neurochemical Signal Acquisition. In 2019 IEEE 62nd International Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems, MWSCAS 2019 (pp. 390-393). [8885019] (Conference proceedings : Midwest Symposium on Circuits and Systems). IEEE. https://doi.org/10.1109/MWSCAS.2019.8885019