A review on dissimilar friction stir welding of copper to aluminum: Process, properties, and variants

Kush P. Mehta*, Vishvesh J. Badheka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

138 Citations (Scopus)


Copper and aluminum materials are extensively used in different industries because of its great conductivities and corrosion resistant nature. It is important to join dissimilar materials such as copper and aluminum to permit maximum use of the special properties of both the materials. The joining of dissimilar materials is one of the most advanced topics, which researchers have found from last few years. Friction stir welding (FSW) technology is feasible to join dissimilar materials because of its solid state nature. Present article provides a comprehensive insight on dissimilar copper to aluminum materials joined by FSW technology. FSW parameters such as tool design, tool pin offset, rotational speed, welding speed, tool tilt angle, and position of workpiece material in fixture for dissimilar Cu-Al system are summarized in the present review article. Additionally, welding defects, microstructure, and intermetallic compound generation for Cu-Al FSW system have been also discussed in this article. Furthermore, the new developments and future scope of dissimilar Cu-Al FSW system have been addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-254
Number of pages22
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 17 Feb 2016
MoE publication typeA1 Journal article-refereed


  • Aluminum
  • Copper
  • Dissimilar
  • Friction
  • Materials
  • Welding


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